Dear all, salaam! Through this post I thought of sharing a detailed write-up with all of you which you will find very useful in due course. I disengaged from Saudi Arabia recently on Final Exit.
When I started the process of relocation around couple of months back once I served my notice period, I could not come across a comprehensive and simple guide which could tell me all I needed to know for smoothly leaving KSA on Final Exit. What followed was a collaborative effort between our Administration, Government Relations, Human Resources and Finance teams in my office and the following document was prepared. The document stands true and updated as of September 2018.
DISCLAIMER: This document is NOT a fool proof and error free checklist and possibilities of omissions do exist. This is a document prepared by different departments of a private sector company based on available knowledge and not intended to be a substitute to relevant official rules & regulations.
PROCEDURE OF FINAL EXIT FROM SAUDI ARABIA FOR EXPATRIATE EMPLOYEES
This is to explain what things an expat employee have to consider before and after process of Final Exit Visa of Saudi Arabia.
1. Dependent’s Fee:
You need to pay the dependent’s fee for 2 months beyond the date you are applying for final exit visa before issuing final exit visa as the validity of final exit visa is 60 days. If you don’t pay the fee, you won’t be able to issue final exit.
2. Resignation with Notice Period:
Upon end of your contract, you need to give notice to your employer for the number of days mentioned in your contract for the processing of your Final Exit visa. If your contract is silent about notice period, Labor Law suggests notice period of 30 days.
3. Evacuation of House:
You have to give at least 30 days’ notice to the landlord before leaving the house. Normally house rent is paid in advance for 3 to 6 months in Saudi Arabia. If you have paid the advance for the months you will not be living in Saudi Arabia, you should search for a tenant yourself. Introduce him with the landlord and take the remainder of the rent from him. It is almost second to impossible to get back advance money from your current landlord. When you are searching for another tenant for the landlord, you should search for a buyer who can purchase all your belongings as well.
Obviously, you cannot get the same price from which you purchased it.
4. Disconnect Landline and Other Post Paid SIM Cards:
If you have any landline connection at your home under your name of STC, you must first deactivate the connection. You should deactivate it at least 15 days before processing the final exit visa.
Procedure for deactivation of STC landline is very simple nowadays. You just need to call from your landline to STC and request to deactivate your service on a permanent basis. You will be asked to pay a certain due amount and confirm that if payment is made, service will be deactivated within 7 days.
You should pay that amount on the same day. If you have any mobile postpaid connection under your name, try also to deactivate it by paying all your bills. If some amount is payable in your name, you may have to face problem at the airport.
Keep sufficient balance in your prepaid SIM card before going to the Airport for the final exit. This will be your only source of communication in case of any problem.
5. Clear Electricity Bills:
Don’t leave anything due in Saudi Arabia during final exit; as it will get you in trouble if you leave any dues at your own name. The authorities will put you as escaped “Huroob” which is really bad and cause complications even for later employment in the future.
6. Traffic Fines & Tickets:
If you have any traffic fines or tickets under your name, try to clear them as soon as possible. You can check them online. It is recommended to keep checking it till the time you finally departure from Saudi Arabia.
7. Sell Your Car:
It takes time to get a good offer for the sale of the car. There was a traditional way that you go to “Haraj” with the car; there would be several buyers there who will give you an offer after checking the car. This is surely the quickest way to sell your car but you may not get a good offer there.
When you have decided to go on final exit from Saudi Arabia, it is better to place an advertisement along with the pictures of the car and your intended selling price on expatriates.com. Soon, you will be receiving offers from the buyers; you can show them your vehicle at your ease.
If you don’t get a serious buyer and you reach to the last week of your departure, now it is the time to visit “Haraj” for a couple of days and get a good offer for the vehicle. Ownership transfer takes only one day so you don’t need to be worried about it.
You will receive an SMS from your “Abshir” account or you can check it online from “Abshir” Website that the ownership has actually been transferred from your name to the name of the buyer. You should make it sure before your departure that the name has been transferred.
8. Surrender Your Credit Cards:
Payable amount at your credit card can stop your departure from the airport. It is very important that you pay off all the bills on the credit card and deactivate them. If you don’t have any payable amount but a credit card is active, you can still face the problem. Credit card companies take some time to deactivate the card, so it is better to surrender the credit card well before the time of departure from Saudi Arabia.
9. Withdraw Money from Bank:
Before processing of Final Exit Visa it is suggested to withdraw or send all of money in bank to home country. Your bank automatically deactivated on Iqama expiry. Sometime your iqama expired just before few days to final exit than you can reactivate bank account by showing final exit visa paper. You DO NOT need to close your bank account at the time of Final Exit and can withdraw the remaining amounts of any emergency balance (for SADAD payments of bills, traffic fines etc) through an ATM at the airport after clearing immigration counter at the time of Final Exit.
10. Get Police Clearance Certificate:
One of the mistakes people do when they decide to leave Saudi Arabia permanently means at the time of going on final exit visa is “not getting police clearance certificate” from the Police Department. We would suggest you not to repeat this mistake. First of all, you need to apply for a letter of endorsement to your embassy. After that, you will have to attest documents from Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Once attested, you need to go along with the documents to the police station. It is better if you go to the police station along with government relations officer of your company.
A police officer will tell you about the expected date of getting the police clearance certificate. It is better to go at least 3 days after the expected date mentioned by the police officer to collect the certificate. Each and every applicant (yourself, wife and kids) applying for PCC needs to visit Police Station.
11. Send the Important Belongings through Cargo:
Before leaving the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia on final exit, it is better to send all your important belongings through the Cargo service to your homeland.
12. End of Service Benefits:
End of Service Benefits will be given to you after processing the final exit visa from Saudi Arabia. It is better to think before remitting your End of Service Benefits to your native country.
You must have analyzed that the exchange rate used by the banks is lesser than the exchange rate you can get if exchanged in your native country. You can carry this money in cash and get better exchange rate. Make sure to declare the amount at the airport if it is more than SR 60,000.
If your family is going before your departure, you can hand over some amount to them and ask them to keep it safe in Bank account in your native country.
If your employer transfer End of Service Benefits after you have left the country, you can still transfer this amount to your home country account.
You can also directly transfer to the bank account back home. Eosb calculation can be checked from the website http://www.laboreducation.gov.sa/…/End-of-Service-Award-Cal…
13. At the Time of Departure:
Once the final exit visa is issued, you have to leave within the validity of the final exit visa. Keep in mind that validity of your Iqama is not applicable now. Please do not overstay otherwise you will be caught at the airport and will be detained for several months.
14. Stamped Final Visa:
According to new facilities, many companies do not give final exit visa paper to the employees. As a result, this paper is not stamped by the immigration authorities. At the time when you try to apply for a new visa, some agents ask for the paper.
Actually, these agents are not updated about the new procedures in Saudi Arabia. Just ask them to process your case to Saudi Embassy. Saudi Embassy can check online if you have exited from Saudi Arabia through Final Exit Visa.
The switch to 5G is already well underway, with countries like China and the United States spending billions of dollars since 2015 to get infrastructure in place.
And by 2035, it’s estimated that 5G will enable $12.3 trillion of global economic output, according to a recent report from IHS Markit.
What 5G will mean
Here are some of the key differentiators that 5G will provide to future wireless connectivity:
10x decrease in latency
Latency will be as low as 1ms.
10x increase in connection density
This will enable more efficient signaling for IoT connectivity.
3x spectrum efficiency
More bits per Hz will be achieved with advanced antenna techniques.
100x traffic capacity
This will drive network hyper-densification with more small cells everywhere.
10x experienced throughput
Multi-Gbps peak rates will be achieved with uniformity.
100x network efficiency
Network energy consumption will be optimized through more efficient processing.
The switch to 5G will mean longer battery life for devices, lower costs, enhanced cellular footprints, higher throughput, enhanced capacity, low latency, and virtually no packets dropped.
In his 1998 shareholder letter, Bezos said, "Setting the bar high in our approach to hiring has been, and will continue to be, the single most important element of Amazon.com'scess."
He went on to list three simple questions all Amazon employees should ask themselves before making a hiring decision.
1. Will you admire this person?
"If you think about the people you've admired in your life," Bezos wrote, "they are probably people you've been able to learn from or take an example from. For myself, I've always tried hard to work only with people I admire, and I encourage folks here to be just as demanding. Life is definitely too short to do otherwise."
We all work for a paycheck; otherwise we would do volunteer work. But we want to work for more than a paycheck: To work with and for people we respect and admire -- and with and for people who respect and admire us.
That sense of connection allows us to feel a part of something bigger, to feel that sense of teamwork and esprit de corps that turns a group of individuals into a real team.
Feeling a true purpose starts with knowing what to care about and, more important, why to care.
And caring starts with respecting -- and feeling respected by -- the people you work with.
2. Will this person raise the average level of effectiveness of the group they're entering?
We want to fight entropy," Bezos wrote. "The bar has to continuously go up. I ask people to visualize the company 5 years from now. At that point, each of us should look around and say, 'The standards are so high now -- boy, I'm glad I got in when I did!'"
Forget about finding a stereotypically well-rounded employee. If you could pick only one attribute, what would you choose as the most important skill or quality a great employee needs to have to succeed in the position?
Maybe it's attitude. Or interpersonal skills. Or teamwork. Or maybe it's a specific skill set.
Whatever it is, that attribute is what the employee you choose must possess. Training can fill in the gaps, but that's the one attribute you truly need.
Hire the person who truly excels in the area you need most.
3. Along what dimension might this person be a superstar?
"Many people have unique skills, interests, and perspectives that enrich the work environment for all of us," Bezos wrote. "It's often something that's not even related to their jobs. One person here is a National Spelling Bee champion (1978, I believe). I suspect it doesn't help her in her everyday work, but it does make working here more fun if you can occasionally snag her in the hall with a quick challenge: 'Onomatopoeia!'"
The best employees are often a little different: A little eccentric, sometimes irreverent, even delighted to be unusual. They seem slightly odd, but in a really good way. Unusual personalities shake things up, make work more fun, and transform a plain-vanilla group into a team with flair and flavor.
Do come prepared.
Do arrive early.
Do quiz yourself in advance with practice questions.
Do dress stylishly and meticulously.
Do sit up straight and speak with confidence.
Do make eye contact. But don’t overdo it to the point where you make the interviewer uncomfortable.
Do take some time to consider your answers and respond thoughtfully. You shouldn’t feel pressured to answer each question in rapid fire.
Do take time for pleasantries and a bit of casual social banter.
Do your research about the company and the employer beforehand.
Do set up Google alerts to keep you abreast of the latest developments at the company.
Do spend time researching the market and the forces that are influencing the industry.
Do follow up with a thank-you email, letting the interviewer know it was nice to meet them and that you look forward to hearing back soon.
Do subtly put your name on their radar the day after the interview by liking a post on their social media account.
Do ensure that your most recent posts on your social media accounts show something positive and professional.
Do strike a power pose before you head to the interview. It will boost your endorphins and improve your confidence.
Do use language that is appropriate for the job environment and demonstrate your experience by using a bit of well-placed jargon.
Do be yourself. You want to project an authentic and genuine demeanour.
Do understand that interviews are as much an opportunity to show the employer that you would be a pleasant person to work with as they are to demonstrate skills and experience, this is a social opportunity.
Do consider your career goals and clearly define your reasons for wanting the job.
Do practice your interview skills with a friend or colleague.
Do prepare answers to common interview questions.
Do eat a healthy and energising breakfast before going in.
Do breath deeply, relax the muscles of your face, and take the time to pause before the interview.
Do exercise regularly in the week leading up to the interview.
Do your homework about the industry and the company.
Don’t stress yourself out by dwelling on negative possibilities.
Don’t slip into the non-professional language.
Don’t simply recap your resume. An interview is a chance to demonstrate all the qualities your resume cannot.
Don’t be brusque with the administrative staff. You need to impress every person you encounter at the company.
Don’t forget to smile and introduce some appropriate levity into the interview.
Don’t fail to use the interview process as a networking opportunity.
Don’t get flustered if you slip up on a question.
Don’t be late because you get lost along the way or encounter some unexpected circumstance. Plan for delays.
Don’t forget that this is a fundamentally social situation. Be amiable.
Don’t allow your answers to go off on tangents. Keep the focus on your best qualities.
Don’t schedule for late in the week, if you can avoid it. The ideal time for an interview is 10:30 on a Tuesday when employers are most likely to remember you.
Don’t be afraid to admit you don’t know the answer to a question. It’s better than faking it.
Don’t speak ill of former coworkers, employers or colleagues.
Don’t reveal unnecessary personal information or make unprofessional remarks.
Don’t forget to give a firm handshake.
Don’t let your tact lapse. You need to demonstrate the diplomatic behaviour.
Don’t apologise unnecessarily.
Don’t fail to follow up after the interview with all of your contacts at the company.
Don’t brag or oversell yourself. Humility is a powerful, persuasive tool.
Don’t mention your shortcomings or make excuses.
Don’t let nerves paralyse you. Relax and act naturally.
Don’t forget to highlight your biggest strengths.
Don’t panic! You’ll do great.
While this may seem like an insurmountable amount of information to take in and remember, it is also important not to overthink things. Prepare ahead of time, present yourself with confidence, and you can’t go wrong.
In case you know any students who can benefit from this list please share: Please share with your networks. May help someone.
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Please share these opportunities within your networks
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35. School of Government and Public Policy Indonesia (http://sgpp.ac.id/pages/financial-conditions)
36. Inpex Scholarship Foundation Japan
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38. Macquaire University Australia (http://www.mq.edu.au/…/macquarie_university_international_…/ .
Please share for the benefit of our youth. You will be surprised the difference you can make
When should I come to UAE for Job Search?Probably one of the most common question I have been asked since last year is “when should I come to UAE for job search?” Undoubtedly UAE is a land full of opportunities and career advancements but to secure an employment has become quite a challenging job itself. Not to discourage, but with the prevailing competition and professionals with diverse skill-sets one has to really evaluate the likelihood in landing at a job (means in knowing who you are?).
If you ask your friends or any random person you might get the answer that you should come in particular months. I personally think you are limiting yourself should you not make an extra effort to study the market trends and know more about the opportunities. Even before you plan to come to UAE do some research on google, read articles, get the market latest and projected statistics and most importantly knowing the value of your profession?
Despite the fact when you come to UAE, you should leave the confused state of mind and get rid of all negative thoughts such as;
If you ask me “when should I come to the UAE”, I would say if you know exactly what you wish to achieve & secure, if you have accurately identified your strengths and skill-setsthat would make you a potential applicant, if you have done your homework in researching UAE market and last but not least if you are not considering UAE just because your friend/family is here or someone has asked you to try; with all this and peace of heart you should be able to answer yourself. Your best friend is your inner-self. Trust on it and hear what it says. Do not let your decisions and aims being inoculated by others’. You are the best to decide for yourself now!
“Success shines when there is hard work, patience and determination.”
Come with a clear focus and challenge the challenges.
It can be very confusing and frustrating to keep track on the job applications, specially when you are on a job quest.
Hence, it is always a good practice to organize the job applications data (let's say in an Excel sheet) with necessary details like;
Perhaps this practice is quite boring and of no use to many, but it does help in furthering your job action plans. Below is a follow up email template that I have designed for job seekers. The template is free to use and any edits can be made as per applicants' requirements.
Dear Mr. Raxtel,I have recently submitted a job application for “[position title]” position which was advertised on [name of the channel]. I fulfill the job requirements very reasonably and would like to inquire if my job application for [position name] is still under consideration. I would be glad to resend my resume with further necessary application documents as required.Presently I am based in [City/State, Country] until [Date] and can be reached directly at +971-xx-xxx-xxxx or firstname.lastname@example.orgI look forward to receiving an update at your best available time and would like to thank you again for your kind consideration.Best regards,[Your Full Name]
#Disclaimer! This template do not guarantee any employment.
First, who in the world has so much free time to give you the job updates and that even on whatsapp? Second, why the job seekers are failing to identify the real methods and practical strategies of job searching?
I am sorry for the job seekers if they get lured by some bewitching job posts. These whatsapp job groups claim to forward jobs but where is the credibility? Expired vacancies are shared on-and-on and forever. Job seekers apply and then blame they did not hear back.
Yes, there might be instances of few success stories but I don't consider it to be discussed even. Its 0.1% in 100%.
I would encourage job seekers to focus more on;
▬ Job Portals
▬ LinkedIn Jobs
▬ Networking and Industry Events
If you are a kind of person that you would forget to follow the updates and need to get feeds then put an email alert for relevant jobs. Its not only more practical but you have range of options to set your 'search engine'.
Your mobile number is your personal property. Do not give away in Public & specially for WA groups. It makes more sense to have a 'job group' on LinkedIn and let people join in. Profiles can be viewed and referral process can be much faster.
People do not stay in WA groups for a fact.
So many times it happens that a job seeker has to submit an unsolicited job application. The issue that a job seeker does not get a response on the sent applications is because majority of the people are actually applying for minority of vacancies which are available.
Hence, in my opinion, submitting an unsolicited application still worth because it is an off chance which can click for a job seeker. When an HR professional is not hiring and suddenly his/her email pops up with a catchy subject line, there is a great probability that the email will be opened and resume will be reviewed. Bottom line, do not underestimate the purpose of submitting an unsolicited job application.
I have recently taken sometime out to draft an email template for job seekers to submit their unsolicited job applications. The users of it are free to edit between the lines and rearrange the contents as necessary.
#Disclaimer! This template do not guarantee any employment.
I am writing to express my interest in acquiring a position at [company name].With over [no. of years] of experience I am quite familiar with the industry trends and related business knowledge. [Company name] is known for its excellent reputation in the market for [product/service] and [product/service]. It has always been my passion to work for such a stable and worthy brand where employees’ are valued, ideas are appreciated and workforce diversity is welcomed. Presently I am in [country name] on a visit visa until [expiry date of visa] and seeking a desirable position in [work profession] to supplement my [distinct skill no.1] and [distinct skill no.2].I possess excellent persuasive communication skills and can confidently play a positive role in team work. I am well recognized also for my abilities to handle and supervise assignments independently. I hold a Master's degree in [name of program] with a major in [write majors here].
Additionally, I am extremely detail orientated, highly motivated and my work professionalism is second to none.I would really appreciate an opportunity to meet with you in person and to further discuss potential job openings where my experience and expertise can add noteworthy value to your organization.
I can be directly reached at +9XX XX XXXXXX, alternatively please do not hesitate to drop an email in case you require further information and documents (references/recommendations) in support of my application at: email@example.comI am enclosing a copy of my updated resume for your kind consideration and I look forward to hearing at your earliest convenience.Sincerely yours,[Your Full Name]
Might I take few minutes of yours but this information will benefit you in a hope that you work hard on yourselves for the interview. We shall begin defining what is an interview and then straight jump into the 23 tips.
Interview is basically a formal meeting between an employer and the applicant to discuss a job role that is vacant and required to be filled. It is very common for a candidate to be nervous when it comes to an interview. The feeling of what questions will be asked and how to answer them, the pressure of panel in case there are more than two interviewers and the fear to get rejected whereby the applicant is in a dire need of a job are some common interview topics discussed around and over the internet.
Preparing yourself for the interview will not only help in boosting the confidence but will allow you to make a solid-positive first impression as well.
1. TELL ME SOMETHING ABOUT YOURSELF
When the interviewer asks you to tell something about yourself then do not discuss your childhood (where you were born, your family, how you were raised etc). Interviewer is interested in knowing what you are bringing to the company. You can start from your most recent experience and tell them your recent achievements instead. Look into their eyes confidently and express that you are the candidate who has those 1, 2, 3, 4 skills and that they would not find someone else like you. If at this moment you could hold their blink, then you have impressed them already.
There is no reason at all to be confused. Just follow the easy formula to begin with your latest experience which could benefit the employer in parallel. Talk more about yourself but where your abilities would be benefitting and supporting the prospective employer.
2. IF YOU ARE OFFERED A DRINK / COFFEE
Don’t hesitate to ask for a glass of water in case you felt thirsty or take it if they have offered to you. You are not a superman to survive in this so called pressure and letting your throat go dry, unable to speak, cough later and get yourself into more trouble. If you are feeling thirsty then request for a glass of water. You must show them your ethical side that you respect the invitation, your confidence to ask for something is another plus and you are telling them that I am not at all unconfident.
If you wish then why not to have a coffee and transform a formal interview into an easy yet informative discussion. The way you will respond to the situation will determine the turn and take on side. So relax and enjoy at ease!
No one will bite you.
3. WHAT SHOULD YOU WEAR
The easier it sounds the harder it gets when it comes to the actual situation. The moment when you get in a fix what to wear and jumbled on the selection of colors will start getting your nerves go crazy? Dressing up is one of the vital part in an interview. As a general rule of thumb wear decent and professional attire to leave an impression. Your dress shows how you take good care of yourself, concerned about the image and give importance to yourself as well.
For gents, without any excuse go for the suit. This is the professional attire for you to attend an interview. The colors can be in shades of black and grey, dark blue and brown. Ensure that your belt and shoes has a match with your tie and shirt as well.
For ladies, subtly patterned fabric in dark/light 2 shade of colors are elegant to wear. Make sure to feel easy in your shoes that you wear.
4. WHAT YOU MUST BRING TO AN INTERVIEW
Most of the applicants forget about this and usually ignore at their will. This must has to be applicants’ checklist before they are proceeding for an interview. Keep two to three updates copies of your resume in a file along with copies of your educational and work certificates. If available, then keep copies of your references and recommendations ready at hand as well.
If your profession is technical and you do a lot of work on laptop or you are a management professional who has designed some programs, models or strategies which needs to be shown as part of your skill during an interview then do bring it along with you. Take the permission from the interviewer if you could show your work to support the question which has been asked.
There is no harm in bringing a tablet either if that suffice in supporting your requirements to replace a laptop.
5. DO NOT RUSH TO ANSWER QUESTIONS
The interview panel is sitting there to listen to you. So take your good time to understand the question, analyze and structure it, and then answer. But don’t take this too long to think. You should be able to start answering within three seconds after the question has been asked. Normally, there are repeated and similar questions which you already can prepare yourself for. This will enable your mind to comprehend quickly and throw the answer.
Your answers must sound confident and truthful. Remember! The way you will answer the question could change the environment of an interview scene, if you get puzzled you might will be shelled with more related questions and get knocked down. So, try to be honest because being honest will put you to another level of confidence.
6. HOW MUCH IS YOUR SALARY EXPECTATIONS
One of the trickier question to be considered but is not very frightening. The idea is simple, they want to know if they can afford your expectations or not, and if you would like their offer or not in case less is offered. Gone are the days to say salary isn’t my focus, learning and development is my focus. Who believes in this myth now?
So, just say a reasonable figure after you’ve researched on the internet that what is the market offering for same title and check for Salary Surveys conducted by some of leading recruitment companies in that region. Of course, this will differ greatly in various parts of the world but you can get an idea. Focus on how to negotiate rather than convincing them that you’re such a naive and know nothing about what’s happening around and looking for learning only.
Don’t sell yourself too short, tell them what you want. No worries if you are refused, then move on.
7. CONTROLLING THE BEHAVIORAL NERVES
Your body language explains a lot about you. Important is to stay calm, relax and do not be nervous at all. What happens when you get nervous is you will be confused and you will start blinking eyes rapidly. This gives the interviewer an easy clue to think that you are nervous. Although your profile will be promising but when it comes to interviewee nervousness the interviewers usually decide quickly on the results without seriously going further in an interview and questioning the interviewee.
A proper preparation before an interview will help you escape from this situation. Try to practice mock interviews with your friends, let it be for fun activity but you will get to know where you stand in answering questions and controlling emotions in addition to your behavior. Do not worry about the questions you will be asked for, just imagine you are the best candidate to deliver the best answers. No one else there, but you will be the one securing it. You got to win it, full stop.
8. DO NOT BE A CHATTER BOX
You may make a fatal mistake if you are about to speak too much. Remember to explain your point of view (answer) in limited words and calculated sentences. Talking too much will either get you off track from the main point or the interviewer’s attention would go yawning. While you are in a run and rush of answering beware not to commit any derogatory remarks about your previous employer, colleagues and experiences. Give the interviewer most positive vibes, finish your answer with a smile and let the next one be on the table, then one more.
It is good to be social and communicative but the excess of this will eat up their minds. Let your thoughts end at a point where the interviewer will take more interest to know, and ask to elaborate, okay then you go on!
9. YOU MUST NOT BEG IN AN INTERVIEW
Do not sound desperate in an interview and beg on knees. You must sit back with a full confidence and compete with your attitude. You are a unique breed and you have a unique class to show off, you are distinct. If they like you then fair enough and if they don’t still it’s fair enough.
Those who keep this behavior and attitude of “please select me, sir please hire me” will make them panicky in the eyes of HR and secondly you show to lose your value of being a hopeful person. You are not going to sell yourself too short of your actual value. Stay determined and yes if this is not your seat then somewhere else somebody has already been refused and it is getting vacant for you.
Strive hard but do not give away yourself so easily.
10. WHILE FINISHING THE INTERVIEW
Once your interview has been completed please remember to be kind and courteous. No matter how much you’ve been pressurized, bashed and hard-faced in the interview but this is a moment when you’re about to leave with one last impression on the interviewer to remember you. As much possible be thankful, humble welcoming and respectful. One negative act or word or gesture from your side may turn the things upside down and then it would be useless to cry over spilt milk.
You can always say the concluding remarks that it has been a pleasure meeting you and your staff. The experience has been very warm welcoming and I am looking forward to meeting you soon. If the interviewer wishes to drop you until the exit staircase / door, do not say no.
11. DISCUSS YOUR CAREER AND JOB GOALS
Do explain and discuss your clear career and job goals. This is not a moment of lie in front of an employer. Refrain from saying ‘I can do anything’. You can do everything but you cannot do anything. Everything you do is where you are mastered for its knowledge and application.
You must consider yourself equally important to land at a position that deserves you and where you could exercise your duties with a passion. Faking out things will only result in suffering for both in the future. It will not continue as smooth as you would imagine. Whatever questions you have got in your mind related to the job position you must share and discuss. The interviewer will be happy to explain you. Yes you may ask how big the department is and how the career ladder has been structured?
Share what exactly is your interest and goal to work for this employer. You are going to become a member of the company to share its goals and your personal objectives.
12. TRIM YOURSELF
Who does not wish to see a person who is good looking, handsome, beautiful and charming?Often little things create the biggest impact. While you are focusing on the interview and preparing yourself to answer the toughest questions and developing confidence to overcome nervousness give some extra time to yourself as well to look good.
Make sure that your nails are properly trimmed. For gents get a decent haircut, trim your beard, and for ladies tie the hairs in a nicer fashion because you should not be adjusting them while sitting in an interview. If you wear spectacles and contact lens on alternate basis then ensure that while you would be wearing contact lens in an interview it must be comfortable to wear.
13. LIST DOWN & IDENTIFY YOUR POTENTIAL
Most of the interviewers ask the common question to identify, analyze and discuss on your skills and expertise. You have to prepare yourself well in advance that when the question is probed you will be in a position to answer the following.
14. WHAT QUESTIONS TO BE ASKED
There has to be no shyness in asking questions. You can ask any question as long as it is related and is in the job scope. Avoid asking personal questions from the interviewer like when did he joined the company, how has been his experience, about his family and his interest.
The questions which you may ask are for example;
15. USE OF ADJECTIVES IN YOUR ANSWERS
Merely speaking a language fluently is not everything. How advance and comprehensive your vocabulary is matters too. It is always a good practice to make use of the adjectives while answering the questions, where applicable. Your answers must resonate with your expression of speech and this is possible when you take help of adjectives to explain.
Here are some of the adjectives as an example;
16. CONDUCT A RESEARCH ON EMPLOYER
This part is often skipped believing what the interviewer would ask, nothing. In actual if you have conducted a thorough research on the employer and the job role itself for which you are about to be interviewed the better you are in a position to answer the questions. Visit the website of the company and study the different sections for products and services, about company, and the team members.
It is also recommended that you check company’s social media channels where you will find the latest updates on events etc. Do not simply go to the interview blind-folded.The more you research on the employer and business the more you will feel comfortable and confident. Also you could relate in a much better way your answers and profile to the interviewer since you know the business operations and scope of the role.
17. WHAT ARE THE COMMON QUESTION ASKED
Although this can vary depending on the role, organization and type of interview, however some common questions that are asked are listed below. The candidate must practice them before going for an interview. These questions seem easy to answer but really give candidates a hard time if no preparation has been made earlier and the mind has to think for the answers during the interview.
18. WHAT SHOULD BE THE VOICE TONE
Expressions and voice tone conveys a lot about human personality. When a person speaks in a high pitch it gives a meaning of aggression and anger. The tone of voice during interviews should be well taken care of.
If you believe you have a strong pitch and usually speak loud then pitch it down to the comfort of interviewer. Of course, when you have to emphasize on something you may express that from the voice pitch. If you have a lower voice tone then make sure during an interview it should be audible. Do not put the interviewer in a situation that he has to ask you again and again ‘could you repeat that for me please’.
Make a good use of high and low tones. This determines you have exceptional communication abilities, able to emphasize the points during a discussion and have a good control on voice tone / pitch. It is a key for a Public Speaker / Trainer to have command on his tone.
19. ANSWER: WHY ARE YOU LEAVING THE JOB
This question can be answered in many different ways. Here the interviewer wants to know an honest reason why you are planning or about to quit with your present employer. Answering to this very question can be tricky and certainly you must not give away personal information of the employer and its employees. A good way to answer this is to share that it has been a great learning experience with them.
However, you have realized that it is a moment that I must go for more learning opportunities. And I believe and foresee a good chance in this role at your company. There is no harm in saying that you have more obligations to cover and meet the family needs. The children are growing up and sometime near they would be starting their school or the place you have moved has more residential cost as compared to the earlier one. Bottom line, just be honest with yourself and put the answer in a nice way but never talk negative on and about the employer.
20. ANSWER: WHY SHOULD WE HIRE YOU
Okay, this is an opportunity here to sell yourself. The interviewer is giving you a chance for an open ended discussion where you can talk more on your skills, expertise and knowledge. This is a moment when you can impress him, convince him that you are the best candidate for the job and that you are the candidate who is pretty knowledgeable in the scope for this position.
As said this is your selling point, be well prepared to list down top 7 skills / abilities related to that particular position you are being interviewed for. The key is to select those skillset which could benefit the employer on one side and help in achieving the job targets in parallel.
For example: Your company deals in telecommunication industry and I have solid 8 years of experience in the same industry. I am well versed with the technicalities for this role and can be questioned at any time right now. I have certification in [——] from [——]. I am able to do [——]-[——]-[—–] as required by of this position.
21. ANSWER: WHY YOU WANT THIS JOB
This question is a key to let the interviewer know that you have researched on the company very well, understand the job description, have an interest to do the role and this all will make you the perfect candidate they have been looking for. You must know the company basic information and be able to relate the job description to your skills and expertise.
Here is how you can answer to this question:
I have witnessed the company’s growth and how well they value their employees for their ideas and innovation. This is a challenging role and requires generating the ideas and bringing more innovation to the job. I have been engaged in similar projects earlier at my position and my innovations in [—] and [——] has outlasted the achievement records. For this position, I am finding myself again to deliver more and the best of me, and definitely contributing towards my skill development and benefiting your company for [——]-[——].
22. ANSWER: HOW DO YOU HANDLE STRESS
Let me tell you one thing if you are going to say I do not get stressed it would be a straight lie. The interviewer actually wants to know how you have handled stressed in the past at work. Perhaps the existing role requires multitasking, late hours sitting and frequent traveling etc. So better be prepared to script an incident from your work history and share how you have handled the stress at work. Do not talk more on how much you have been stressful but discuss more on the situation, who was involved, how it was dealt and what were the affects or results.
You can also share that I have realized overtime that a little stress always happen to be a motivation factor for me. It drives me to be on the toes and pushes me to meet the deadlines. Although I am a self-starter and can work independently but whenever I am in a stressed situation I tend to think faster and devise solutions quickly. I enjoy working multitasking and challenging roles.
23. ANSWER: WHAT ARE YOUR FUTURE GOALS
An interviewer may ask you about your future goals. He probes this question to get an understanding where you are heading in your short term and long term goals. Of course, no employer would hire someone who gives an impression to leave the company soon. So to be on a safe side, a tip is, keep your answer realistic, connected with the job you are being interviewed for and somewhat in line with organizational vision. The interviewer must get a feeling that you are going to work here for a longer period.
Your short term future goals could be to go for a certification or course to enhance a particular skill and practice at the job. It can also be to visit one of company’s offices abroad for more learning and knowledge sharing.
The long term goal (or vision) could be to progressively move in a management position and as well taking organization to its newer heights and success.
Are you planning to quit your job? Do you think there could be no more advancement and learning for you? Is your job giving you not much what you have been expecting in terms of career development?
A mix of such feelings and expressions we face each and every second day. We feel lethargic at workplace and our attention to work is no longer a 100%. There is a moment when we have certain intuitions for our situations but we do not care for it.
I personally have a strong belief in the ‘gut feelings’. Nothing in this world is purposeless. Do not be afraid what others’ will think about you if you quit or resign at this stage or point of time.
You have to make a declaration to yourself that you must decide for a change and you must proceed to look for the best. Alright, so here are the top five reasons which could help you plan in continuing or quitting your job.
1. MENTAL HEALTH IS TORTURED
It is adversely affecting your mental health. Getting sick of the daily routine and no motivation to work, fair enough to look for more opportunities. You cannot afford to be mentally sick at work. Remember that since the inception of technology we are caged in our desktop PC’s and laptops and much of the work is done through the brain. No more grants!
2. MISFIT IN JOB
Falling at a job when you were in a dire financial need and now it is eating up your mind. At first you wish to be in an employment but now you are unable to focus at it because it is beyond your interest and expertise. Do not worry it is still not too late to look for a job where you feel passionate about working.
3. NO MORE FUN AT WORK
If working is no longer a working anymore and you are hating it then stop blackening your heart and thoughts. Employee engagement activities are thrilled to pump employees’ motivation at work. Do you feel no joy at workplace then prepare to go for a change, you deserve something better.
4. NO VALUE IS GIVE
Ah! There is no appreciation, no recognition and no thanks giving. What in the world you are doing then? Proving yourself to whom? Go and work where you are respected for your ideas, innovations and hard work. Your determination and being ‘on the toes’ must be valued by all means.
5. COMPANY CULTURE & WORKING ENVIRONMENT
When you are unable to adjust in the work environment, working colleagues and the organization culture it is a good time to pause your day for few seconds and think seriously for yourself and your career. No problem! You can happen to be the misfit in the workplace in a good organization. If the colleagues are not supportive, the policies and practices are not followed officially and the culture is subject to ‘who you know’ then better jump out of this jive.
You do a lot of efforts to search for job opportunities but it is becoming equally important to research on recruiters’ behavior and their mindset. 50% of the work is done for you if you have understood what they like, how they do and what they require. It might sound a little dry yet it does the magic. How would you feel if you are treated and dealt in a manner you want to be? Certainly awesome, right.
Here are top five things which recruiters want from you or a job seeker but will never tell or public it.
TIMING IS MONEY
This is first and foremost that impresses the recruiters. You are replying to their emails / calls promptly. As bad as you want a job they also have the deadlines to meet for the clients and to deliver profiles. We may think it is an ‘easy-go process’ but when it comes to actual grounds the recruiters are even working and sourcing remotely outside their office hours. If you happen to be in a conversation with a recruiter then be mindful to read between the lines, carefully read the emails and listen to their words on phone calls. You should not miss out any important information which is related to time and they are expecting to receive from you.
YOU ARE NOT THE BUSINESS GOD
It really gets funny if you are portraying yourself to be the God in the industry irrespective of your experience and qualification. This may give a feeling of a fake profile / experience unless it is in line with the job requirements. You need to make sure that your skills and expertise are adequately listed and reflect enough of the essential requirements which are needed. However, you additional proficiency will always be an advantage. Do not make a mistake to influence recruiters and to believe in your superlative profile.
NO RESEARCH | VERY BAD
Recruiters would love to hear your knowledge and this potentially is the gap where you as a candidate can take lead among others. If you have not done any research on the company and unaware what is happening in your industry it really imparts a negative impression. Here is an opportunity for you to give away your best and show them how prepared you are, the knowledge you have and as well your serious attitude to work for the company you know a lot about.
BE HONEST WITH RECRUITERS
Because you began so nicely with the recruiters and conversing in a professional manner, here is your test now. In case you are given a counter offer from another recruiter or a company then be honest with the recruiters whether or not you wish to withdraw your application and that you are going to join another employer. It is completely fine as long as you inform and update them well ahead and right in time. Believe me, the recruiters are your weapons for your job search. Be honest and do not mess up your business networking relationship.
JUST FOLLOW UP DO NOT BE PUSHY
I have noticed this and experienced that recruiters sometimes intentionally put you on hold just to see how you react in that time-frame. Following up is always a great practice to tell the recruiters that ‘hey, I am still active with you and looking forward to the next update’. Do not go on a sleep mode or start using a different email ID / phone number, you must be and remain in contact with them. Do not show your frustration and beg for updates every next day when you have spoken or conversed with a recruiter. Give a decent 3-5 working days gap to follow up.
The game of job search is interesting. Recruiters are the defenders and you must show your talent and skills on the field to hit a goal.
Many students are asking questions about induction nowadays, here is my piece of advice.
If you get a chance at a big 4 firm, it is good, do give it a serious try, but if you can't get such chance, do not waste your precious time pursuing the big 4 firms. Professional world doesn’t end at big 4.
Further the Category A, B or C matters just for the audit function of the firm and revenue of the partners, it is big 4 and others,simply.
Reference, Pawa or anything like that can't decide your future. Allah rewards hard work always. If you work hard you will be a successful professional no matter what firm you go. Dont keep complaining of others that they got bigger firms because of their references or anything, Life has always been like that its just that you are experiencing it for the first time.
you are new to practical life, I want to tell you that nobody owes you anything here. you have to earn the respect, the money and prestige by your hard work. There are both advantages and disadvantages of big and small firms. The most important thing is that you should be able to pass the exams within articles. The firms having history of creating hurdles in the professional qualification should be avoided, be it big or small firm. Seniors advising on such issues should make sure that they do not put blames of their own inabilities on the firm. Honest advice is also a form of Sadqa.
Further, ERP, TAX, Business Advisory are no less than audit department of a firm. Without undermining any other department, I would say people having experience of tax and corporate matters gets better paid jobs than others at times.
Try to build a habit of putting yourselves in others' shoes , see the things from their prospective, Life will be easy. God bless you all Ameen.
Aamir Shahbaz FCA.
AB INITIO: "from the beginning"
AB INITIO VOID: Illegal from the beginning
ACTION: a lawsuit or proceeding in a court of law.
ACQUITTAL: A finding by a judge or jury that a person tried for committing a crime is not guilty.
AFFIDAVIT: a written statement under oath.
AGREEMENT: a verbal or written resolution of disputed issues.
ALIMONY: a payment of support provided by one spouse to the other.
ANSWER: A formal statement, generally written, stating the defense of a legal case.
ANNULMENT: a marriage can be dissolved in a legal proceeding in which the marriage is declared void, as though it never took place. In the eyes of the law, the parties were never married. It is available only under certain limited circumstances. Certain religions also offer annulments to members, the basis of an annulment from the church may be different than the legal basis of divorce or annulment.
APPEAL: A request to take a case to a higher court for review. No new evidence may be introduced during the appellate process; the reviewing court considers only whether errors occurred during prior proceedings.
APPELLATE COURT: A court having jurisdiction of appeals—not a trial court.
APPELLATE JURISDICTION: The power of a court to review a case that has already been tried by a lower court.
ARBITRATION: A form of alternate dispute resolution where the disputants present their dispute to an impartial third party for decision after a hearing where both sides have an opportunity to be heard. Arbitration may be binding or nonbinding based on the agreement of the parties.
ATTORNEY: A lawyer; one who is licensed to act as a representative for another in a legal matter or proceeding; one who is licensed to practice law.
BAIL: To set free a person arrested or imprisoned (pending trial or resolution of an appeal), in exchange for security such as cash. Bail is forfeited if the person fails to appear in court as directed.
BOND: In criminal law, a surety bond assures the appearance of the defendant or the payment of the defendant’s bail if the defendant fails to appear.
BRIEF: A written document presented to the court by a lawyer which sets forth both the facts of the case and the law which supports the lawyer’s case.
BURDEN OF PROOF: In the law of evidence, the necessity or duty of affirmatively proving a fact or facts in a dispute. Examples include "beyond a reasonable doubt" and "by a preponderance of the evidence."
CERTIORARI: An original writ or court order commanding judges or officers of lower courts to certify or return records of proceedings in a cause for judicial review.
CIVIL CASE: A matter or case outside of the criminal practice pertaining to the rights and duties of persons. Examples include contract cases and lawsuits arising out of personal injury or property damage.
CHARGES: A formal accusation of having committed a criminal offense.
CODE: A collection of laws arranged into chapters, table of contents, and index, and published by legislative authority.
CODICIL: A supplement to a will.
COMMON LAW: Law based upon previous decisions of courts.
COMMON LAW MARRIAGE: Common law marriage comes about when a man and woman who are free to marry mutually agree to live together as husband and wife without the formal ceremony. The parties must hold themselves out to the public as being married. Common law marriages are invalid in many states.
COMPARATIVE NEGLIGENCE: A defense to negligence where fault is measured in percentages and any damages shall be reduced by that percentage. See also contributory negligence.
CONDONATION: the act of forgiving one's spouse who has committed an act of wrongdoing that would constitute a ground for divorce. Condonation generally is proven by living and cohabiting with the spouse after learning that the wrongdoing was committed and may used as a defense to a divorce.
CONTEMPT OF COURT: An act which shows disrespect for the court’s authority. Civil contempt usually means a person has failed to obey a court order. Criminal contempt is when someone disobeys the court in the presence of the court. Contempt can be punished by a fine or imprisonment. One side can request that the court determine that the other side is in contempt and punish him or her.
CONTRACT: A mutual agreement between two or more parties, in which each party gives up something of value and gains another thing of value.
CONTRIBUTORY NEGLIGENCE: A complete defense to negligence when the defendant’s behavior causes an omission or neglect of reasonable precaution, care, or action, which is a proximate cause of his/her injury. Some states use this standard but most rely on the defense of comparative negligence.
CONVICTION: Finding that a person is guilty beyond a reasonable doubt of committing a crime.
CORPORATION: A legal entity created under state law most commonly intended to be in business.
CRIMINAL CASE: A case concerning an act considered harmful to the general public that is forbidden by law and punishable by fine, imprisonment, or community service.
DAMAGES: An amount of money which may be recovered in the courts by any person who has suffered loss, detriment, or injury through the unlawful act or negligence of another.
DECREE: A decision or order of the court. A final decree is one which fully and finally disposes of litigation; an interlocutory decree is a preliminary decree which disposes of a particular issue within the litigation.
DEED: A written instrument transferring a piece of real property.
DEFAULT: A "default" in an action at law occurs when a defendant fails to appear at the trial or to plead within the time allowed. Typically, when a defendant defaults, the court enters an order in favor of the plaintiff.
DEFENDANT: A person sued in a civil suit or accused of a crime.
DEPOSITION: The testimony of a witness not taken in open court, but given under oath as a part of the discovery process. Deposition testimony may be introduced as evidence in a court proceeding.
DISCOVERY: The pretrial process in which one party gathers facts and information from the other party in preparation for trial.
DISSENT: A term denoting the disagreement of one or more judges of a court with the decision of the majority.
DISTRICT ATTORNEY: A lawyer elected or appointed to serve as a prosecutor for the state in criminal cases. Also known as the state’s attorney.
DOCKET: A list of cases on a court calendar maintained by the clerk of court.
EN BANC: "On the bench;" all judges or justices of a court sitting together to hear a case.
EVIDENCE: A fact presented before a court such as a statement of a witness, an object, etc., that bears on or establishes a point in question.
FELONY: A crime considered to be of a graver nature than a misdemeanor. Examples of felonies include murder, kidnapping, manslaughter, burglary, robbery, and certain types of sexual abuse although different state legislatures may define different crimes as felonies.
GRAND JURY: A group of citizens whose duty it is to inquire into a crime to determine if an indictment against a suspected criminal is warranted.
GUARDIAN: A person vested with the power to take care of a disabled person or minor’s property and person.
GUARDIAN AD LITEM: A special guardian appointed by the court to represent children or disabled persons during the course of litigation.
HABEAS CORPUS: "You have the body." A petition to bring a person before a court or a judge. In most common usage, it is directed to the official person detaining another, commanding that the person to produce the body of the prisoner or person detained so the court may determine if such a person had been denied his or her liberty without the process of law.
INDICTMENT: An accusation in writing found and issued by a grand jury, charging that a person named has done some act, or is guilty of some omission, which by law is a crime.
INDIGENT: One who is needy or poor without the financial ability to retain an attorney.
INFORMATION: A formal accusation of crime, based on an affidavit of a person allegedly having knowledge of the offense.
INTERLOCUTORY: Preliminary. An interlocutory appeal involves an appeal of a matter within a case before the case is concluded or final.
INTERROGATORIES: Written questions propounded by one party and served on an adversary, who must provide written answers under oath. A method of discovery.
JURISDICTION: The right and power to interpret and apply the law. The extent of authority or control of the court. Many types of jurisdiction exists including subject matter, personal, territorial, concurrent and appellate.
JURY: A number of people, selected according to law, and sworn to inquire of certain matters of fact and declare the truth upon evidence laid before them.
JUVENILE CASES: Cases involving children (under eighteen years of age), including children accused of delinquent acts or neglected or abused children.
LIEN: An encumbrance upon property, usually as security for a debt or obligation.
MANDAMUS: The name of a writ, which is issued from a court of superior jurisdiction, directed to a lower court or a public officer, commanding the performance of a particular act.
MECHANIC’S LIEN: A claim created by the statute which gives priority of payment for the price of work and materials for erecting and repairing building and improvements on land.
MEDIATION: A form of alternate dispute resolution where a neutral third party acts as an intermediary assisting disputants to settle their dispute.
MISDEMEANOR: Offenses considered less serious than felonies.
MOTION: An application to the court requesting action in a pending case. Usually, a motion concerns an issue with the court’s discretion.
NEGLIGENCE: The omission or neglect of reasonable precaution, care, or action.
NOLO CONTENDERE: A statement by a defendant to the effect that he or she will not challenge a criminal charge made by the government.
NOTICE OF APPEAL: A filing made with an appellate court to appeal a ruling made by a lower court.
OPINION: A formal statement by a judge or justice of the law bearing on a case.
ORDINANCE: A law passed by a city, town or county legislative body.
ORIGINAL JURISDICTION: The power of a court to hear a case for the first time instead of waiting for the case to be tried in a lower court.
PARENS PATRIAE: "Parents of the country." The doctrine under which the court protects the interests of a juvenile or other persons under disability.
PAROLE: The supervised conditional release of a prisoner before the expiration of his/her sentence. If the parolee observes the conditions, he/she need not serve the rest of his/her term.
PARTY: A person, business, or government agency actively involved in the prosecution or defense of a legal proceeding.
PATENT: Government permission given to an inventor granting him/her the exclusive right to make or sell his/her invention for a term of years.
PECUNIARY: Consisting of money.
PERJURY: The criminal offense of making a false statement under oath.
PER SE: "Taken by itself."
PERSON: In the legal context, "person" includes individuals and corporate groups.
PERSONAL PROPERTY: Tangible physical property (such as cars, clothing, furniture and jewelry) and intangible personal property (bank accounts, stocks and bonds). This does not include real property such as land or rights in land.
PERSONAL RECOGNIZANCE: In criminal proceedings, the pretrial release of a defendant without bail upon his/her promise to return to court.
PERSONAL REPRESENTATIVE: The person who administers an estate, sometimes also known as Executor.
PETITIONER: The person filing an action in a court of original jurisdiction. Also called the Plaintiff or Complainant. The opposing party is called the respondent.
PLAINTIFF: The person who files the complaint in a civil lawsuit. Also called the Complainant or Petitioner.
PLEA: Defendant's answer to the charge - guilty, not guilty or nolo contendere.
PLEA BARGAINING: The process through which an accused person and a prosecutor negotiate a mutually satisfactory disposition of a case. Usually it is a legal transaction in which a defendant pleads guilty in exchange for some form of leniency. It often involves a guilty plea to lesser charges or a guilty plea to some of the charges if other charges are dropped. Such bargains are not binding on the court.
PLEA NEGOTIATIONS: Negotiations arrived at by the state and the defense for a fair disposition of the case and requiring approval by the court.
PLEADING: A formal statement of facts and law, generally written, propounding the case of action or the defense of a legal case.
POLLING THE JURY: The act, after a jury verdict has been announced, of asking jurors individually whether they agree with the verdict.
POUR-OVER WILL: A will that leaves some or all estate assets to a trust established before the will-maker's death.
POWER OF ATTORNEY: Formal authorization of a person to act in the interests of another person.
PRAECIPE: A writ commanding the Clerk of Court to issue a subpoena or summons.
PRELIMINARY HEARING: Synonymous with preliminary examinations; the hearing given before a magistrate or a judge to determine whether a person charged with a crime should be held for trial.
PRESENTENCE INVESTIGATION REPORT: A report, generally prepared by a probation officer, which presents pertinent information needed by a judge to sentence a person convicted of a crime.
PRETERMITTED CHILD: A child born after a will is executed, who is not provided for by the will. Most states have laws that provide for a share of estate property to go to such children.
PRE-TRIAL CONFERENCE: A meeting between the judge and the lawyers involved in a lawsuit to narrow the issues in the suit, agree on what will be presented at the trial, and make a final effort to settle the case without a trial.
PRECEDENT: A previously decided case that guides the decision of future cases.
PREEMPTORY CHALLENGE: A challenge that may be used to reject a certain number of prospective jurors without giving a reason.
PREPONDERANCE OF THE EVIDENCE: Greater weight of the evidence; Often described as 50.1% of the evidence; the common standard of proof in civil cases.
PRIMA FACIE: "On the face of it." So far as can be judged from the disclosure; presumably; a fact presumed to be true unless disproved by some evidence to the contrary.
PROBATE: The court-supervised process by which a will is determined to be the will-maker's final statement regarding how the will maker wants his/her property distributed. Probate also means the process by which assets are gathered, the Personal Representative is appointed, applied to pay debts, taxes, and the expenses of administration; and distribution to those designated as beneficiaries in the will.
PROBATE ESTATE: Estate property that may be disposed of by a will.
PRO BONO PUBLICO: "For the public good." Lawyers representing clients without a fee are said to be working pro bono publico.
PRO SE: "In one's own behalf." A person representing himself/herself in court without the benefit of a lawyer.
PROBABLE CAUSE: Reasonable belief that a crime was committed and that the named person committed the crime.
PROBATION: A form of criminal sentence in which an offender agrees to comply with certain conditions imposed by the court rather than being incarcerated.
PROSECUTE: To initiate legal or criminal court action against an accused.
PROSECUTOR: A trial lawyer representing the government in a criminal case and the interests of the state in civil matters. In criminal cases, the prosecutor has the responsibility of deciding who and when to prosecute. Often referred to the District Attorney or State’s Attorney.
PROXIMATE CAUSE: The act that caused an event to occur. A person generally is liable only if an injury was proximately caused by his/her action or by his/her failure to act when he/she had a duty to act.
PUBLIC DEFENDER: An attorney hired by the government to defend persons accused of crimes who are unable or unwilling to hire their own attorney. Typically, a person must meet income requirements to be eligible for such representation.
PUNITIVE DAMAGES: Damages in excess of actual damages that are assessed as a form of punishment. Typically, punitive damages apply when a defendant’s behavior is found to have been willful or malicious.
QUASH: To vacate or void a summons, subpoena, etc.
REAL PROPERTY: Land, buildings, and other improvements affixed to the land.
REASONABLE DOUBT: An accused person is entitled to acquittal if, in the minds of the jury, his/her guilt has not been proved beyond a reasonable doubt; a doubt as would cause reasonable persons to hesitate.
REASONABLE PERSON: A phrase used to describe a hypothetical person who exercises qualities of attention, knowledge, intelligence, and judgment that society requires of its members for the protection of their own interest and the interests of others.
REBUT: Evidence disproving other evidence previously given or reestablishing the credibility of challenged evidence.
RECORD: All the documents and evidence plus transcripts of oral proceedings in a case.
RECUSAL: A judge excusing himself/herself from a case.
REDRESS: To set right; to remedy; to compensate; to remove the causes of a grievance.
RE-DIRECT EXAMINATION: Opportunity to present rebuttal evidence after one's evidence has been subjected to cross-examination.
RELEASE ON OWN RECOGNIZANCE (ROR): Release of a prisoner by a judge with no bond requirement. See also Personal Recognizance.
REMAND: To send back. Usually it is an appellate court that remands a case for proceedings in the trial court consistent with the appellate court's ruling.
REMEDY: Legal or judicial means by which a right or privilege is enforced or the violation of a right or privilege is prevented, redressed, or compensated.
REMITTITUR: The reduction by a judge of the damages awarded by a jury.
REMOVAL: The transfer of a case from one court to another. It may be the transfer of a state case to federal court for trial; in civil cases, because the parties are from different states; or from one county to another in cases where is a significant possibility that there could not be a fair trial in the original court.
REPLEVIN: An action for the recovery of a possession that has been wrongfully taken.
RESPONDENT: The person against whom an appeal is taken. See PETITIONER.
RETAINER: Act of the client in employing the attorney or counsel, and also denotes the fee which the client pays when he/she retains the attorney to act for him/her. This fee is deposited into a trust/escrow account until the fee is earned.
RESTITUTION: The act of giving the equivalent for any loss, damage, or injury. An amount of money which an offender is ordered to pay as a consequence of a crime. Restitution can include compensation to the victim of a crime or the state.
REVERSE: An action of a higher court in setting aside or revoking a lower court decision.
REVERSIBLE ERROR: A procedural error during a trial or hearing sufficiently harmful to justify reversing the judgment of a lower court.
REVOCABLE TRUST: A trust that the grantor may change or revoke.
REVOKE: To cancel or nullify a legal document.
ROBBERY: Felonious taking of another's property, from his or her person or immediate presence and against his or her will, by means of force or fear.
RULES OF EVIDENCE: Standards governing whether evidence in civil or criminal case is admissible.
SENTENCE: Judgment formally pronounced by a judge upon defendant after the defendant’s conviction in the criminal prosecution.
SEQUESTER: To isolate. In high profile cases jurors are sometimes isolated to prevent them from being influenced by outside information. Witnesses may also be sequestered.
SERVICE OF PROCESS: The act of providing an opposing party with notice of a pleading or action to assure that the opposing party is aware of the action and is given an opportunity to appear.
STATUTE: A law adopted by the legislature.
STIPULATION: An agreement by attorneys/parties on opposite sides of a case as to any manner pertaining to the proceedings or trial.
TESTIMONY: Spoken evidence given by a confident witness, under oath, as distinguished by evidence derived by writings and other sources.
TORT: An injury or wrong committed against another person or another person’s property.
TRANSCRIPT: The official record of proceedings in a trial or hearing.
TRIAL INFORMATION: A document filed by the prosecutor, which states the charges and evidence against a defendant in a criminal case.
VERDICT: The formal decision or finding made by a jury and accepted by the court.
WARRANT: A writ or order authorizing an officer to make an arrest, conduct a search, or to perform some other designated act.
WILL: A written instrument directing the disposition of a person’s property after their death.
WITNESS: One who testifies to what he or she has seen, heard, or otherwise observed or testifies to his or her opinion based on a hypothetical statement.
WRIT: An order issued from a court requiring the performance of a specified act, or giving authority and commission to having it done.
SUMMONS: A form issued by the court requiring a person to respond to a pleading, usually attached to a complaint, petition or motion.
1. When you stay in the same organization, you gradually lose touch with the outside world. Your field of vision constricts and you begin to focus on internal priorities (who’s up and who’s down politically, your next position, and your current goals) rather than focusing on the larger world outside your company’s walls. One of the biggest dangers of staying a job too long is that you fall behind what is happening in your industry and the wide world beyond it.
2. Unless your company is growing very fast — experiencing thirty percent annual growth or more — it is difficult or impossible to give yourself the new experiences, new challenges and range of muscle-building activities you will naturally encounter by changing jobs. We have to work much harder to learn as much as fast in a company we are familiar with as we will learn by entering new organizations frequently.
3. It can feel uncomfortable to be incompetent. It is easy to forget that we learn the most when we are least competent. As soon as we know a job, part of our brain goes to sleep. We don’t have to stay open and curious. When you change jobs often, you never get out of open-and-curious mode.
Gratuity is a one of the retirement benefits for long service. Before May 1972, the payment of gratuity by employer was on voluntary basis, after that it was incorporated in Standing Orders and becomes a statutory obligation of employers. Since then payment of gratuity is a legal benefit of eligible worker.
There are three different retirement benefits defined in Standing Order 12(6) i.e. “Gratuity” or “Provident Fund” or “Approved Pension Fund”. The commercial establishment employed 20 or more workmen OR any industrial establishment employed 49 or more workmen, directly or indirectly, during any days of preceding 12-months, are legally liable to offer at least any one of these retirement benefit.
S.O 12(6) of W.P. Industrial & Commercial (Standing Orders) Ordinance, 1968 defines, “where a workman resigns from service or services are terminated by the employer, for any reason other than misconduct, shall be entitled for gratuity equivalent to thirty (30) days wages, calculated on the basis of the (wages admissible to him in the last month of service if he is a fixed-rated workman or the highest pay drawn by him during the last twelve months if he is a piece-rated workman), for every completed year of service or any part thereof in excess of six months: provided that, where the employer has established a provident fund to which the workman is a contributor and the contribution of the employer to which is not less than the contribution made by the workman, no such gratuity shall be payable for the period during which such provident fund has been in existence. Provided further that if through collective bargaining the employer offers and contributes to an “Approved Pension Fund” as defined in the Income Tax Ordinance, 2001, and where the contribution of the employer is not less than fifty per cent of the limit prescribed in the aforesaid Ordinance, and to which the workman is also a contributor for the remaining fifty per cent or less, no gratuity shall be payable for the period during which such contributions has been made.]”
Which Establishment is Liable to Pay Gratuity?
As per Section 1 of the Ordinance, the provision of gratuity becomes applicable to: every commercial establishment employing or employed twenty or more workmen and every industrial establishment employing or employed fifty or more workmen, on any day during the preceding twelve month.
When Gratuity becomes payable?
Gratuity becomes payable at time of separation from services which could be: (i) by resignation by the workman, (ii) termination of services by employer due any reason other than misconduct (in case of proved misconduct employer is not bound to pay gratuity), (iii) in case of death and (iv) retirement or superannuation of a worker.
Who is entitled for Gratuity?
There are following conditions to check the entitlement of gratuity:
(i) provision of statutory gratuity is applicable on the establishment i.e. industrial or commercial, in respect to number of workmen employed, as explained above.
(ii) employee is a "workman" as defined in Section 2(i) of this Ordinance as someone who is employed to do any skilled or unskilled, manual or clerical work. According to various Courts judgments, it is the nature of duties he is performing rather than his designation or wages which determine whether he is a "workman" or not.
(iii) length of service should be excess to six months or more.
Rate of Gratuity
Earlier the rate of gratuity was 15-days of wages for each completed year of service and later on it was revised as 20-days wages. Right now the present rate of gratuity is 30-days wages for every completed year of service or for any period in excess of six month in the same establishment.
How to calculate the amount of Gratuity payable?
Following is procedure to calculate the payable gratuity of an eligible worker:
The 26-days month is defined in the Explanation of Section 3 of the Minimum Wages for Unskilled Workers Ordinance, 1969 i.e. "month" means a normal working period of twenty-six days calculated at the rate of forty-eight hours of work per week. Similarly the minimum wages for skilled and semi-skilled workers is also based on 26 days in a month. The yearly provincial gazettes specify the same for these categories of workers.
Meaning of Wages for Calculation of Gratuity
All payments or allowances which are regular, permanent and non-contingent in nature, no matter by what name they are called, are included in wages for the purpose of gratuity. Any payments which are irregular (unpredictable and/or depend on the goodwill of employer) or contingent in nature (payable upon existence or disappearance of certain conditions (e.g., profit) which could not be predicted in advance) then those payments are not part of wages for the purpose of calculating gratuity.
In the case of fixed-rated worker, gratuity is to be calculated on the basis of wages admissible to worker in the last month of service.
In the case of piece-rated worker, gratuity is to be calculated on the basis of highest pay drawn during the last twelve months, for every completed year of service or any part thereof in excess of six months.
Payment of Gratuity in case of Death of Worker
In case of death of a workman, gratuity is payable to the legal dependents of a workman. As mentioned above, death may not necessarily occur on duty but the worker should be in continuous service at that time. The amount of gratuity, in this case, is transferred to "Workmen Compensation Commissioner" who will then allocate this amount to the dependents of a worker. The dependents of a deceased worker include "his widowed mother, his own widow, minor son and unmarried daughter". The Commissioner shall proceed with the allocation of the deposit amount to the dependents of the deceased in accordance with the provisions of Section 8 of the Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923. If the employer fails to deposit the gratuity amount then the dependents of the deceased may submit an application to Commissioner for the recovery.
Important points to be remembered regarding payment of gratuity:
What is e-marking?
E-marking, also known as onscreen marking or digital marking, is the use of digital technology in the education or accreditation sector specifically designed for marking or grading an exam or assessment.
E-marking applications allow markers to mark exam responses which have been scanned and uploaded as digital images, or online assessment responses on a computer screen, rather than on paper. It is the opposite of traditional ‘pen and paper’ marking, and can be executed via a local application, or via a browser-based application delivered over the Internet.
There are no restrictions on the types of tests that can be marked using e-marking. E-marking is widely applied amongst high stakes examinations throughout the world, with two thirds of marking completed in this way in the UK. It is also used to assess other types of qualifications such as exams for accountants.
Who use e-marking?
Enterprise scale e-marking applications are usually adopted by awarding bodies, which are the organisations who provide regulated qualifications in certain regions or countries. For example, Cambridge Assessment provide educational assessments for over 8 million learners in over 170 countries, marked by over 30,000 examiners every year. Cambridge Assessment have been using e-marking since 2014 to mark their assessments across the world. Government ministries also adopt e-marking for standardised national assessments.
How does e-marking works?
E-marking can be used to mark CBT (Computer-Based Tests) or exams taken with pen and paper. For pen and paper exams, the answer booklets can be scanned and the digital images uploaded to an e-marking software application. Exam answers are read and considered against an agreed mark scheme as usual, all accessed centrally through the e-marking application. Markers use the computer mouse and keyboard to award marks for each exam question. Multiple-choice exams can be either marked by examiners or can be auto-marked by the software application where appropriate. Most e-marking applications auto-tally marks for each exam, storing each student’s total score for retrieval by the awarding body.
Perceived benefit of e-marking
The benefits of e-marking vary from organisation to organisation but can include:
Difference between e-marking & onscreen marking
Absolutely nothing. The terms e-marking and onscreen marking can be used interchangeably to describe the process of human examiners viewing and marking examinations on a computer screen. Other terms also used to describe this process are digital scoring, remote scoring, online grading, online marking, electronic marking and onscreen rating.
E-marking application difficult to use?
Every e-marking application is different, but all are designed to improve the speed and efficiency of marking. Even markers who are not computer literate may be taught to use e-marking applications with the appropriate instruction. Overall, e-marking applications are generally not harder to use than most day to day computer applications.
Use of special equipment in e-making?
No. Most of the time, an Internet-enabled computer and an Internet connection is enough to run any e-marking application, many of which will run in an Internet browser. Some e-marking software may run locally on a PC, in which case the correct installation and configuration of the local e-marking application is essential. Sufficient bandwidth (around 2Mbps) is always recommended for a quality e-marking experience.
ICAP prefer e-marking?
Many markers prefer the time efficiencies introduced by e-marking, and the auto tallying features. However, there are still some markers who prefer traditional pen and paper marking.
Perceived barriers to e-marking
E-marking requires the underlying technical infrastructure to drive it and an application to access it. For some awarding bodies, migrating from an existing infrastructure or building from the ground up may be perceived as a barrier. However, many organisations find that the costs dedicated to infrastructure are over time absorbed by the efficiencies introduced by e-marking, and in many cases organisations have found the introduction of e-marking to quickly begin showing cost savings.
Early adopters of e-marking
Early adopters in the UK include Cambridge Assessment which began testing e-marking in 2004. In 2010, the International Baccalaureate began using e-marking. By 2012, 66% of nearly 16 million exam scripts were “e-marked” across the UK. The proliferation of e-marking now continues outside of the UK with awarding organisations and universities in countries including India, Hong Kong, Slovenia and many Caribbean islands using e-marking for their high-stakes examinations.
Future of e-marking
The use of e-marking is growing globally. Today, it is used to assess mainly high-stakes or ‘summative’ exams, but as the technology becomes more widely used e-marking may be used to mark other types of e-assessment and e-coursework at the ‘formative’ level in the classroom, with the introduction of media marking within some e-marking tools. E-marking providers are investing in new technologies, such as HTML5, to make e-marking more robust, more flexible and more scalable for the future.
The story begins when (Basic Accountancy Course) BAC was introduced in mid 1990's and students could join after intermediate level. Even at that time, senior members (including my father) were reluctant and against the idea that students without graduation will be inducted in the profession. They were of the view that students at this stage are not mature enough to enter into professional qualification. Unlike pure sciences, Accounting & Finance are applied subjects and students need more exposure before entering in the accounting profession. On the other hand, the rationale was very clear. Accounting profession in Pakistan was facing a serious challenge in terms of attracting good students. The bright students preferred engineering & medicine for the reason that the route to CA is very long (4 Years post-Graduation at that time). In addition, pass percentage of the students was very discouraging. Length of the route and uncertainty, both were the real impediments in attracting good quality students. The alternate route was opened with a cognizance of trade-off with a graduate program.
The institute was aware of the compromise of graduate degree, hence, announced a degree awarding program for students of BAC in collaboration with Allama Iqbal Open University (AIOU). The students were asked to register with AIOU, submit prescribed assignments to mentors/tutors and appear in Islamiyat and Pakistan Studies (compulsory subjects for graduates). The students who successfully completed BAC, submitted assignments and passed compulsory subjects were supposed to get BA (Accounting) Degree from AIOU. Several students of different batches of BAC got registered with AIOU, submitted assignments and passed compulsory exams, but degree was not awarded. When approached ICAP and AIOU there was no proper response. What I got to know informally that the program was announced before a formal agreement, and some regulatory approvals were pending. Lately, I got to know that subsequently AIOU asked some reciprocal arrangement (I am not sure what they were asking on what grounds. Only seniors involved in negotiation can resolve the mystery.) The scheme than vanished without any recourse for the affected students and no alternate scheme ever came up. In 2003, an equivalence was granted by HEC against qualification, however, that equivalence is not good enough for getting visa/immigration in some countries that have a potential market.
This issue is still a pain point for many students and members and has remained unresolved for more than two decades now. The issue of graduation is essentially pertains to global acceptability. There has to be a resolution to the issue or at least a closure of discussion one way or the other. This issue probably has lost its priority later on at the Education & Training Committee (ETCom) and Council level, hence, no serious efforts can be seen for a resolution durlast decade.
BAC classes were started by ICAP in collaboration with some Tutors (now called Registered Accounting Education Tutors ‘RAETs’) in different cities. RAETs were owned by members of the institute by design of the scheme. ICAP also started classes of BAC at its own premises to keep but for some reasons these classes were discontinued at a later stages. The RAETs were designed to be the nursery for students of the institute and this designed has worked really well and produced thousands of members. Initially, there used to be a Pre-Entry Proficiency Test (PPT) for induction in BAC schemes. The pass out percentage of PPT was no different from ICAP results. I personally know dozens of students who have appeared multiple times in PPT before joining ICAP as a student or leaving ambitions of becoming a Chartered Accountant. This was a pre-screening mechanism to ensuring that students with good aptitude and knowledge base are joining the profession. However, at some point in time at a later stage, a commercial decision was taken to eliminate PPT. Several other changes were made to education scheme; such as, a modular scheme was introduced, retention of papers, granting exemptions, rolling back exemptions, etc. All these resulted in an influx of students, thousands of students entered RAET and many left without passing a single module.
During this complete transition cycle of education schemes, RAETs have grown to large institutes but the quality of education has not progressed and uplifted at the same pace. The study material and teaching style is exam driven and focused on passing out in difficult exams of the institute. Every teacher/institute has his secret recipe to pass; e.g. selected questions, notes, etc. One beauty of early days of profession that is lost during the transition is a referring to multiple books. Book selection for every topic used to be a daunting task back in 90s. Shukla, Gupta, Drury, etc. were the common names back then. The students now are restricted to the study material and selected questions. This reduces exposure of the students to various types of literature and orientation of research.
During campaign for Council elections 2017, I had a discussion with various members who are affected by not having a graduate degree. Some of us, have got degrees from recognized universities for our own reasons. But in general, people who been more focused core qualification and do not possess a recognized degree. This becomes an impediment at times, in getting jobs, work permit and immigration in some countries. Some non-members, who have extensive professional experience with a couple of papers remaining also become a victim of not having graduation. This is a real concern and needs to be addressed.
An idea came up that ICAP gets a degree awarding status from HEC or creates a university. Some very limited and myopic views are also being discussed at various forums. This needs to be evaluated in a very broad and open context. A university cannot created for a purpose of distributing degrees. The core of university is knowledge creation and knowledge dissemination. The knowledge creation process differentiates the university from a tuition center. Even in knowledge dissemination the focus is more on broad based grooming and philosophical coverage. Whereas, tuition centers focus on particular subject and applied side. As a matter of best practices, university is a nursery for all professional bodies who train a student in a particular subject, after a broad based grooming; not vice versa. A widely acknowledge gap in presentations skills is due to difference between the university environment and our education schemes. There is an inherent difference in the design that cannot be covered with presentation skills certificates.
The road-map for ICAP from here, is to get some transitional arrangement with degree awarding universities to design a workable program for members and students. For now, ICAP needs to exhaust all options of collaboration with recognized universities for providing graduate and master degrees with some additional efforts . These shall not be only in accountancy; we can diversify to add value, e.g. corporate finance, forensics, public finance, policy development, system assurance, etc., which really adds value for the members and students. We do not need only a piece of paper to be framed on a wall. Our members are hardworking and intelligent; they will go for value addition.
The road-map for future needs to be studied in detail. The changing business environment in complex economies, technology oriented future and other serious challenges demand professionals groomed in a diverse environment of university. We have covered the complete cycle of transition, the purpose of relaxing the entrance criteria as designed in mid 1990s has been achieved. This is an already increasing trend on opting for graduation route for CA. I know some very senior chartered accountants, have opted the graduation route for their children.
There is a need to re-evaluate the educations schemes and entry routes in the overall context. An objective and independent study in this regard is required to assess all the options based on actual data that evaluates on an overall basis and some inferences that are referred in this article. The objective is to assess the direction of the institute and make sure that we produce professionals that remain relevant in the global market to enhance the brand value of CA Pakistan.
Fawad Ahmad, FCA
Contestant for ICAP Council – North Zone A
I am a chartered accountant, belong to 6th Batch, BAC at ICAP, Patyala Ground, Lahore. I did my graduation in political science and journalism, from University of the Punjab, once denied degree under program announced in collaboration with AIOU. I am also an alumnus on National Security Workshop at National Defense University, Islamabad.
This article is written in context of discussion in a WhatsApp group, created for election by some members. The group includes 220 plus members, past and existing council members, senior members of ICAP and contestants for Council. It is difficult to articulate your view in a live chat, especially, a subject this sensitive and strategic. I have tried to express my views clearly and candidly. I am open to any questions on the subject or otherwise.
My Wife is a CA - Article by Asher Noor (something I wrote way back in 1997 for the ICAP Magazine as a trainee student):
When I told my mom that I wanted a professional woman as my wife, she got me one; a Chartered Accountant. She works in an audit firm as its only female partner. Everybody calls her a partner, which leaves me seething with fury. She is supposed to be My partner only, and not everybody’s partner.
I am man of temperate moods, but I do have my wild swings. One thing thatreally bugs me about my wife is her habit of referencing. It really makes be blow the top when she starts referencing food while refrigerating it. By the way, she uses LIFO method while taking out the refrigerated food.
Now I have stopped bringing my office work home. The reason is that one-day I awoke to find all sorts of irrational scratches in ink on my feasibility report project and ten pages list of queries to sole, lying smugly besides it. She thinks I am no good at figure work. Fine with me, for now she handles the budget of the house. Initially she used to send me a bill at month end, but when I told her that I am not her client but her husband she asks for the money in advance. The expenses had been rising steadily over the months, so one day I snooped into the paper maintained in a current file. No wonder! She was charging conveyance and overtime to the house budget. She is crazy, I tell her and she corrects me. No my darling, I am auditor. I fail to see the difference.
Every scrap of the paper in our house is filed. She tells me as per some Ordinance she must keep a copy of every thing for at least ten years before destroying it. I am worried. Does the law apply to husband too? When we go for shopping she never leaves home without her HL-122. At the shop she hates to pay in cash and always ask for any lease terms available. The other day we had an hour-long fight. Later, I got to know that she had charged that hour to a client of her in my time sheet, that I am supposed to make, she charged that to unoccupied. The fight was about the year. She wanted to change the year-end of our house to match the fiscal year of the government.
She says that she says that she loves me and I tell her that I love her too. However, she never believes me. She says that there is susceptibility of my statement to being a misstatement. I say, duh! She wants my representation on this and I tell her that I am going to jump off Habib Bank Plaza, if she won’t shut up. She says that her office is on a minute’s drive from the EH. Darling! Do you mind doing the stunt during the lunch or 5:30 rush hour, please?
Once she brought some colleague of hers and I was shocked to see that the colleague had access to our bills and other financial details. I was calmed by my wife who told me that it was merely an external audit her colleague here was namely to give his opinion. After that the two of them got down to counting our assets in the house. Last I heard, before I passed out, was the word ‘Stock-take’ whether that means.
Last year our house accounts got a qualified opinion for not calling in three quotations for my personal purchases and to compound the mistake I had not kept the supporting etc. of my purchases.
Not a long time back my brother’s wedding was to be solemnized. Wedding cards had been sent. After some time I started receiving some curious steady trickle of letters. I was puzzled until my wife was explained that external evidence was more reliable. She had called for confirmations from all those to whom cards were sent. When she cooks, my wife at times does not go by recipe. Where the recipe says add half-teaspoon vinegar, or one tsp black salt or one teacup of water, she ignores them. She says that they are not material when taken in context of whole meal being prepared.
What control do I really have in this house? She has segregated every job in the house to prevent words starting with C. Now I boil the water for tea. She brings in the mug. I pour the tea. We both take tea and I clean the mugs and all. She tells me in this way the control risk in minimized. Sure Sure. Whatever she says.
She is crazy, I tell you. Surprisingly every body calls her an auditor, instead. I checked the dictionary and I did not state that auditor is a synonym for crazy. The dictionary must be outdated. When we got married, she had given me an Engagement Letter and I Had said how cute-how sweet. Now she gives it to me every year saying that her standards state that it must be sent a new if there is any indication that I misunderstand the objective and scope of engagement. Huh!
All I have done was ask her, if she was still interested in the marriage or else. Apart from sending me the engagement letter once again she tells. I can’t get rid off her just like that. She says that she has the right of being heard before I appointed some one else. I fear she is contemplating callying a meeting. The only hint I got was that I had only 21 days and that I must keep reading one Urdu and English newspaper published and circulated in the vicinity of our house for more details. I have decided to have a chitchat with her.
I told her, “you are crazy” and she said, “I know darling for I was crazy enough to try juggling my CA with my house.” I am happily shocked. She continues, “Darling! I am thinking of affiliating with you. What do you say?” “What I have to say?” I tell her that I am ecstatic and let’s let bygones by bygones. She heaved a sigh of relief and said, “Phew! For a minute, I thought that we had jeopardized our Going Concern status.” Duh! I say.
This blog provides a separate discussion forum to arrange issued faced by professionals and keep track of such discussions outside our facebook discussion forum, where is it not possible to keep such track.