The switch to 5G is already well underway, with countries like China and the United States spending billions of dollars since 2015 to get infrastructure in place.
And by 2035, it’s estimated that 5G will enable $12.3 trillion of global economic output, according to a recent report from IHS Markit.
What 5G will mean
Here are some of the key differentiators that 5G will provide to future wireless connectivity:
10x decrease in latency
Latency will be as low as 1ms.
10x increase in connection density
This will enable more efficient signaling for IoT connectivity.
3x spectrum efficiency
More bits per Hz will be achieved with advanced antenna techniques.
100x traffic capacity
This will drive network hyper-densification with more small cells everywhere.
10x experienced throughput
Multi-Gbps peak rates will be achieved with uniformity.
100x network efficiency
Network energy consumption will be optimized through more efficient processing.
The switch to 5G will mean longer battery life for devices, lower costs, enhanced cellular footprints, higher throughput, enhanced capacity, low latency, and virtually no packets dropped.
In his 1998 shareholder letter, Bezos said, "Setting the bar high in our approach to hiring has been, and will continue to be, the single most important element of Amazon.com'scess."
He went on to list three simple questions all Amazon employees should ask themselves before making a hiring decision.
1. Will you admire this person?
"If you think about the people you've admired in your life," Bezos wrote, "they are probably people you've been able to learn from or take an example from. For myself, I've always tried hard to work only with people I admire, and I encourage folks here to be just as demanding. Life is definitely too short to do otherwise."
We all work for a paycheck; otherwise we would do volunteer work. But we want to work for more than a paycheck: To work with and for people we respect and admire -- and with and for people who respect and admire us.
That sense of connection allows us to feel a part of something bigger, to feel that sense of teamwork and esprit de corps that turns a group of individuals into a real team.
Feeling a true purpose starts with knowing what to care about and, more important, why to care.
And caring starts with respecting -- and feeling respected by -- the people you work with.
2. Will this person raise the average level of effectiveness of the group they're entering?
We want to fight entropy," Bezos wrote. "The bar has to continuously go up. I ask people to visualize the company 5 years from now. At that point, each of us should look around and say, 'The standards are so high now -- boy, I'm glad I got in when I did!'"
Forget about finding a stereotypically well-rounded employee. If you could pick only one attribute, what would you choose as the most important skill or quality a great employee needs to have to succeed in the position?
Maybe it's attitude. Or interpersonal skills. Or teamwork. Or maybe it's a specific skill set.
Whatever it is, that attribute is what the employee you choose must possess. Training can fill in the gaps, but that's the one attribute you truly need.
Hire the person who truly excels in the area you need most.
3. Along what dimension might this person be a superstar?
"Many people have unique skills, interests, and perspectives that enrich the work environment for all of us," Bezos wrote. "It's often something that's not even related to their jobs. One person here is a National Spelling Bee champion (1978, I believe). I suspect it doesn't help her in her everyday work, but it does make working here more fun if you can occasionally snag her in the hall with a quick challenge: 'Onomatopoeia!'"
The best employees are often a little different: A little eccentric, sometimes irreverent, even delighted to be unusual. They seem slightly odd, but in a really good way. Unusual personalities shake things up, make work more fun, and transform a plain-vanilla group into a team with flair and flavor.
Do come prepared.
Do arrive early.
Do quiz yourself in advance with practice questions.
Do dress stylishly and meticulously.
Do sit up straight and speak with confidence.
Do make eye contact. But don’t overdo it to the point where you make the interviewer uncomfortable.
Do take some time to consider your answers and respond thoughtfully. You shouldn’t feel pressured to answer each question in rapid fire.
Do take time for pleasantries and a bit of casual social banter.
Do your research about the company and the employer beforehand.
Do set up Google alerts to keep you abreast of the latest developments at the company.
Do spend time researching the market and the forces that are influencing the industry.
Do follow up with a thank-you email, letting the interviewer know it was nice to meet them and that you look forward to hearing back soon.
Do subtly put your name on their radar the day after the interview by liking a post on their social media account.
Do ensure that your most recent posts on your social media accounts show something positive and professional.
Do strike a power pose before you head to the interview. It will boost your endorphins and improve your confidence.
Do use language that is appropriate for the job environment and demonstrate your experience by using a bit of well-placed jargon.
Do be yourself. You want to project an authentic and genuine demeanour.
Do understand that interviews are as much an opportunity to show the employer that you would be a pleasant person to work with as they are to demonstrate skills and experience, this is a social opportunity.
Do consider your career goals and clearly define your reasons for wanting the job.
Do practice your interview skills with a friend or colleague.
Do prepare answers to common interview questions.
Do eat a healthy and energising breakfast before going in.
Do breath deeply, relax the muscles of your face, and take the time to pause before the interview.
Do exercise regularly in the week leading up to the interview.
Do your homework about the industry and the company.
Don’t stress yourself out by dwelling on negative possibilities.
Don’t slip into the non-professional language.
Don’t simply recap your resume. An interview is a chance to demonstrate all the qualities your resume cannot.
Don’t be brusque with the administrative staff. You need to impress every person you encounter at the company.
Don’t forget to smile and introduce some appropriate levity into the interview.
Don’t fail to use the interview process as a networking opportunity.
Don’t get flustered if you slip up on a question.
Don’t be late because you get lost along the way or encounter some unexpected circumstance. Plan for delays.
Don’t forget that this is a fundamentally social situation. Be amiable.
Don’t allow your answers to go off on tangents. Keep the focus on your best qualities.
Don’t schedule for late in the week, if you can avoid it. The ideal time for an interview is 10:30 on a Tuesday when employers are most likely to remember you.
Don’t be afraid to admit you don’t know the answer to a question. It’s better than faking it.
Don’t speak ill of former coworkers, employers or colleagues.
Don’t reveal unnecessary personal information or make unprofessional remarks.
Don’t forget to give a firm handshake.
Don’t let your tact lapse. You need to demonstrate the diplomatic behaviour.
Don’t apologise unnecessarily.
Don’t fail to follow up after the interview with all of your contacts at the company.
Don’t brag or oversell yourself. Humility is a powerful, persuasive tool.
Don’t mention your shortcomings or make excuses.
Don’t let nerves paralyse you. Relax and act naturally.
Don’t forget to highlight your biggest strengths.
Don’t panic! You’ll do great.
While this may seem like an insurmountable amount of information to take in and remember, it is also important not to overthink things. Prepare ahead of time, present yourself with confidence, and you can’t go wrong.